FIM Studies of Surface Migration of Single Adatoms and Diatomic Clusters with and without a Driving Force

  • T. T. Tsong
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 86)


Surface diffusion, a concept adopted by M. Volmer and I. Esterman1 as early as 1921, is an important phenomena related to the kinetics of crystal growth, surface reactivity, adsorption and desorption, sintering, two-dimensional phase transformation, and other phenomena requiring transport of atoms from one location to another on a surface.


Surface Diffusion Displacement Distribution Jump Length Surface Migration Tracer Diffusion Coefficient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. Volmer and I. Esterman, Z. Physik 1, 13 (1921).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. W. Müller, Z. Physik 108, 668 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. W. Müller, Z. Physik, 126, 642 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Kleint, Surf. Sci. 25, 394; 25, 441 (1971).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. R. Chen and R. Gomer, Surf. Sci. 79, 413; 81, 589 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. W. Müller, Z. Electrochem. 61, 43 (1957).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Ehrlich and F. G. Hudda, J. Chem. Phys. 44, 1039 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. W. Bassett and M. J. Parsely, Nature (London) 221, 1046 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    a) T. T. Tsong, J. Chem. Phys. 54, 4205 (1971). b) T. T. Tsong, Phys. Rev. B6, 417 (1972).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. T. Tsong, Progress in Surface Science, 10, 165 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. N. Baraber and B. W. Ninham, Random and Restricted Walks, Gordon and Breach, New York (1970).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Cowan, Ph.D. Thesis, The Pennsylvania State University (1977); P. Cowan and T. T. Tsong, unpublished work.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. Ehrlich, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 17, 1 (1980).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. C. Tully, G. H. Gilmer and M. Shugard, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1630 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. DeLorenzi, G. Jacucci and V. Pontikis, Proc. NATO ASI on Suface Mobilities on Solid Materials (1981).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. Sakata and S. Nakamura, Surf. Sci. 51, 313 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. W. Bassett, C. K. Chung and D. Tice, Le Vide 176, 39 (1975).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. W. Montroll, J. Math. Phys. 6, 167 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. T. Tsong and R. Casanova, Phys. Rev. B24, 3063 (1980).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    This fact was already clear in 1971 (ref. 9) and was discussed in the Field Emission Symposium at Urbana-Champaign in 1973. T. T. Tsong, P. Cowan and G. L. Kellogg, Thin Solid Films 25, 97 (1975); W. R. Graham and G. Ehrlich, Thin Solid Films 25, 85 (1975).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. W. Bassett, J. Phys. C9, 2491 (1976).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. T. Tsong and G. L. Kellogg, Phys. Rev. B12, 1343 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    T. T. Tsong and R. J. Walko, Phys. Status Solidi 12, 111 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    E. W. Plummer and T. N. Rhodin, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 3473 (1969).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Drechsler, Naturwissenschaften 3, 43 (1956).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. T. Tsong
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations