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Methane pp 59-69 | Cite as

Biomass Conversion to Methane

  • Michael J. AntalJr.

Abstract

During the Arab oil embargo of 1973 a world-wide “energy-crisis” was proclaimed, but subsequent experience has revealed that it is really our technological addiction to the use of fluid fuels which is the underlying cause of energy malaise in the industrial world. Although great emphasis is presently being given to the conversion of solid fossil fuels (oil shale, coal, tar sands, and peat) into fluid fuels (“synfuels”), some scientists and policy makers have begun to ask the question: “Why not do the problem right and shift our reliance to renewable sources of fluid fuels rather than perpetuate our dependence on disappearing resources?” This presentation examines the possibility of answering their question affirmatively by using the renewable biomass resource to produce gaseous fuels.

Keywords

Biomass Conversion Biomass Resource Biomass Gasifier Biomass Pyrolysis Volatile Matter Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Bull, T.E. “Energy from Biological Processes”, Office of Technology Assessment, Library of Congress, No. 80-600118, 1980.Google Scholar
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    Burwell, C.C. “Solar Biomass Energy: An Overview of U.S. Potential”, Science 199, 1041, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Shafizadeh, F. “A Comprehensive Pyrolytic Process for Conversion of Wood to Sugar Derivatives and Fuels”, Proceedings of the 1980 AS/ISES Annual Meeting, Phoenix, 1980.Google Scholar
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    Antal, M.J. “The Effects of Residence Time, Temperature and Pressure on the Steam Gasification of Biomass”, in “Biomass as a Non Fossil Fuel Source”, D.L. Klass (ed.), ACS Symposium Series 144, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. 1981.Google Scholar
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    Antal, M.J. “Biomass Energy Enhancement: A Report to the President’s Council on Environmental Quality”, 1978.Google Scholar
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    Antal, M.J. “Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass: The Scientific Aspects”, a Report to the Office of Technology Assessment of the Congress of the United States.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael J. AntalJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical & Aerospace EngineeringPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA

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