Methane pp 267-290 | Cite as

The Brazilian Experience

  • G. Pischinger
  • R. Siekmann


Brazil has successfully introduced ethanol as an alternative to gasoline and the National Alcohol Program is one of the fundamentals in the energy policy of the Government. Already all the country’s vehicles are operating on an up to 20 percent ethanol-gasoline blend and no problems of any significance have been experienced.


Compression Ratio Alcohol Production Road Load Research Octane Number Hydrate Ethanol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Statement during opening session by Shell, Proceedings of the X World Petroleum Congress, October 1979, Bucharest, Romania.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Volkmann, D.J., “Der Kapitaleinsatz beim Uebergang zu neunen Energieversorgungssystemen”, Energiewirtschaftliche Tagesfragen, May/June 1979; Bonn, West Germany.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fucks, W., Maechte von Morgen, Deutsche Verlagsanstalt, Stuttgart, 1978, West Germany, chapter Kraftfelder, Tendenzen, Konsequenzen.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Heitland, H.H., et al, “Use of Ethanol from Biomass as an Alternative Fuel in Brazil”, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Alcohol Fuel Technology, Wolfsburg, West Germany, Paper 1–3, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Modelo Energetico Brasileiro, Ministerio das Minas e Energia, Republica Federativa do Brasil, November 1979, Brasilia, Brazil.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Communication EMBRAPA, July 9, 1981.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nagaguchi, G.M., Keller, J.L., “Ethanol Fuel Modification for Highway Vehicle Use”, Final Report, June 1979, Union Oil Company of California.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pischinger, G.H. and Pinto, N.L.M., “Experiences with the Utilization of Ethanol/Gasoline Blends and Pure Ethanol in Brazilian Passenger Cars”, Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Alcohol Fuel Technology, Asilomar, Cal., Vol. 1, 1979.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    World Automotive Market, Johnston International, 49th Edition, 1979.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    “Protocolo do Alcool”, Associacao Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veiculos Automotores “ANFAVEA”, Circular no 031/79, September 21, 1979.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Menrad, H., “Aethanol als Kraftstoff der Ottomotoren”, ATZ 81 (1979) 6, Franck’sehe Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart, pp. 279.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Heitland, H.H., Bernhardt, W., Lee, W., chapters 2.1/2.3 in Neuen Kraftstoffen auf der Spur, Bundesministerium fuer Forschung und Technologie, Bonn 1974, West Germany.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pischinger, G., Kilby, D., et al, “Lubrication of SI Ethanol Engines”, Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Alcohol Fuels Technology, Guaruja’ — SP — Brazil, 1980.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Proceedings of the First Congresso de Alcoolquimica, Sao Paulo, June 23–26, 1981.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Pischinger
    • 1
  • R. Siekmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Volkswagen do BrasilSouth America

Personalised recommendations