Simulation of the Evolution of Macromolecular Sequences by Random Fixation of Allowed Codons

Part of the Monographs in Evolutionary Biology book series (MEBI)


One approach to the study of the evolution of macromolecular sequences (proteins, DNA, RNA) is computer simulation. In this chapter we describe simulation studies on the evolution of five proteins: fibrinopeptides A and B, hemoglobin α and β chains, and cytochromes c. The first requisite of a simulation, if it is to conform to the pattern observed in the real evolution of these proteins, is that it begin with an “ancestral,” or starting, sequence and through a series of duplications followed by divergence end with a set of “contemporary,” or final, sequences. This process will follow a phylogeny, or genealogy, in which the duplication events are the nodes, or branch points, and divergence occurs along the branches.


Selectional Constraint Amino Acid Difference Neutral Mutation Random Fixation Real Evolution 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Australian Environmental StudiesGriffith UniversityNathanAustralia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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