Thermal Conductivity, Diffusivity and Expansion of Avery Island Salt at Pressure and Temperature
Preliminary data on the thermal properties of a coarse-grained rock salt from Avery Island, Louisiana, indicate that hydrostatic pressure to 50 MPa has little effect on the thermal conductivity, diffusivity and linear expansion at temperatures from 300 to 573 K. The measurements were made in a new apparatus under conditions of true hydrostatic loading. At room temperature and effective confining pressure increasing from 10 to 50 MPa, thermal conductivity and diffusivity are constant at roughly 7 W/mK and 3.6 × 10−6 m2/s, respectively. At 50 MPa and temperature increasing from 300 to 573 K, both conductivity and diffusivity drop by a factor of 2. Thermal linear expansion at 0 MPa matches that at 50 MPa, increasing from roughly 4.2 × 10−5/K at 300 K to 5.5 × 10−5/K at 573 K. The lack of a pressure effect on all three properties is confirmed by previous work. Simple models of microcracking suggest that among common geological materials the lack of pressure dependence is unique to rock salt.
KeywordsThermal Conductivity Rock Salt Line Source Linear Expansion Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
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