Renal Handling of Divalent Cations and Phosphate During Water Immersion in the Awake Dog

  • J. C. Ayus
  • J. P. Frommer
  • G. Eknoyan
  • W. N. Suki
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 151)


Previous studies in the human have failed to show any effects of head-out water immersion on serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration, serum ionized calcium concentration (Ca++) or urinary phosphate excretion (UPO4V) (2). No studies have been reported on the effects of water immersion on the renal handling of phosphate and divalent cations in animals. Thus, the present experiments were designed to characterize the effects of head-out water immersion on the urinary excretion of phosphate (UPO4V), calcium (UCaV), and magnesium (UMgv) in the awake dog.


Divalent Cation Water Immersion Serum Parathyroid Hormone Renal Handling Urinary Phosphate Excretion 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Ayus
    • 1
  • J. P. Frommer
    • 1
  • G. Eknoyan
    • 1
  • W. N. Suki
    • 1
  1. 1.Baylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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