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Biophysics of the Interaction of Electromagnetic Energy with Cells and Membranes

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Biological Effects and Dosimetry of Nonionizing Radiation

Part of the book series: NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series ((NSSA,volume 49))

Abstract

Appropriate consideration of the mechanism of interaction of electrical fields outside and inside a living being requires discussions of macroscopic “field coupling” effects and the effects of fields on cellular structures as well as molecular effects. We shall present here these coupling considerations as they pertain to potentials which are induced across membranes and inside cells for thT vrious dielectric dispersion ranges α, β, γ discussed before1, 2. In addition, we consider field interactions with cells as a whole, i. e. field induced cellular force effects. But we will not consider field effects on macromolecules. Macromolecular properties have been summarized in detail by Grant3 in this volume. Theoretical predictions based on the Langevin-equation and experimental evidence indicated that significant interactions with single macromolecules require substantial field strength levels well above those of interest here4. We shall also not summarize “subtle” interactions since they are discussed by Adey in this volume5 and by us previously6, 7. Their mechanism remains unknown and it is not clear if they occur at the molecular or cellular level or are caused by more macroscopic transduction phenomena.

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© 1983 Plenum Press, New York

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Schwan, H.P. (1983). Biophysics of the Interaction of Electromagnetic Energy with Cells and Membranes. In: Grandolfo, M., Michaelson, S.M., Rindi, A. (eds) Biological Effects and Dosimetry of Nonionizing Radiation. NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, vol 49. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4253-3_9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4253-3_9

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4684-4255-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4684-4253-3

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