Microwave/Radiofrequency Protection Guide and Standards

  • Sol M. Michaelson
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 49)


Exposure Standards — The first standards for controlling exposure to MW/RF were introduced in the 1950’s, in the USA and the USSR. The maximum permissible exposure levels proposed then have remained substantially unchanged, i.e., for continuous exposure these are respectively 10 mW/cm2 and 10 µW/cm2. Most countries that developed national standards based them on either the US1 or the Soviet2 values. Subsequently, however, some countries have proposed standards intermediate between these extremes.


Power Density Safe Zone Hazardous Zone Specific Absorption Rate American National Standard Institute 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sol M. Michaelson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiation Biology and BiophysicsUniversity of Rochester School of Medicine and DentistryRochesterUSA

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