Interaction of RF and MW with the Living Systems: Research and Experience in China

  • K. C. Yee
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 49)


The uses of radio and microwave radiation extend into all areas of our life and into basic and applied research in engineering, medicine and science. Some examples include radio and television broadcasting, wood and paper drying, plastic curing, food processing, medical treatment, biochemical analysis, radar, long distance telephone, satellite communication, burglar alarms, microwave ovens and so on. It should be noted that the number of devices that emit radio and microwave radiation are rapidly increasing, as is their use in consumer, medical and industrial applications.


Power Density Microwave Radiation Rectal Temperature Visual Evoke Potential Exposed Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S.M. Michaelson, “Thermal effects of single and repeated exposures to microwaves.” “Biologic Effects and Health Hazards of Microwave Radiation”, Polish Medical Publish, Poland Warsaw, 1–14, 1974.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H.P. Schwan, Keynote Address and C.C. Johnson Memorial Lecture “Microwave Bioeffects Research; Historical Perspectives On Productive Approaches”. J. of Microwave Power 14 (1), 1979.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Karel Marha, “Microwave radiation safety standards in Eastern Europe” IEEE Transaction on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol, MTT-19(2), 165–168, 1971.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hua Chiang and K.C. Yee: “Study of Safety Standards of Microwave, Acta of Chekiang Medical College, ” 8(2)., 57–62, 1979.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    K.C. Yee and Hua Chiang: “Experimental Research of biological acute effects of microwave exposure,” Acta Physiological Sinica 32 (1), 10–17, 1980.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    K.C. Yee: “Research and Development in Biological Effects of Microwave.” Progress in Physiological Sciences. 11 (4), 309–315, 1980.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    K.C. Yee and Hua Chiang: “Effect of Microwave on Retinal Potential in Rabbits at Lower Density,” Acta Physiologica Sinica, 32 (4) 370–374, 1980.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.B. Parry, K. Tansley, and L.C. Thomson, “The Electroretinogram of the dog.”, J. Physiol., 120, 28–40 (1953).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A.W. Guy, “Quantitation of Induced Electromagnetic Field Patterns in Tissue and Associated Biologic Effects.” “Biologic effects and health hazards of microwave radiation” Polish Medical Publishers. Poland Warsaw, 203–216 (1974).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.W. Hartwell and C.W. Erwin. “Evoked Potential Analysis; On-line Signal Optimization Using a Mini-computer.” EEG and Clin. Neur., 41, 416–421 (1976).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    W. R. Adey, “Frequency and power windowing in tissue interactions with weak electromagnetic fields” proceeding of the IEEE, 68 (1), 119–125, 1980Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    K.C. Yee: “Effects of Microwave on Nervous System.” Bioengineering Section of Foreign Medicine, 2, 7–11, 1979.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K.C. Yee: “Biological Effects of Microwave and its Prevention.” Hygienical Section of Foreign Medicine. 2, 66–73, 1976.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K.C. Yee: “Microwave Radiation and its Prevention, Technology of Microwave Dry”. 49–55, 1976.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K.C. Yee and Hua Chiang: “Experimental Research on Biological Effects of Microwave Chronic Exposure,” Acta of Chekiang Medical College, 10 (2) 1981.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bertharion, G., Servantie, B. and Joly, R. “Electro-Cortico-Graphic Modifications after exposure to microwave fields on white rat”. J. Microwave Power 6 (1); 62, 1971.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Asubaev, C.H. “Evaluation of threshold sensitivity of the rabbit brain to pulsed electromagnetic fields of a superhigh frequency range”. Byull Eksp Biol Med. 74, 56–59, 1972.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Levitina, N.A. “Investigation of non-thermal action of microwave on the rhythm of cardiac contractions in the frog”. Byull Eksp Biol Med. 12, 64, 1966.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kaplan, I. T., Metlay, W., Zaret, M., Birenbaum, L., and Rosenthal, S.W. “Absence of heart rate effects in rabbits during low level microwave irradiation” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques, MTT-19(2), pp. 168–173, 1971.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Baranski, S. and Czerski, P. “Biological Effect of Microwaves,” Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Inc., U.S.A., 1976.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dumanskii, Yu D. “Influence electromagnetic fields on human”. Kieu, 1975.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Presman, A. S. and N. A. Levitina “Non-thermal action of microwaves on cardic contraction in animals Report II: Investigation of the action of impulse microwaves”,translated from Bulleten Experimental not Biologii medising, Vol. 53, pp. 39–43, 1962.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Frey, A. H. and Siefert, “Pulse modulated UHF energy illumination of the heart associated with change in heart rate.” Life Sciences, 7 (11) 505–512, 1968.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Goldstein L. and Sisko, Z. “A Quantitative electroencephalographic study of the Acute effects of X-band microwaves in Rabbits.” “Biologic Effects and Hazards of Microwave Radiation” Warsaw, Poland, 128, 1973.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Seaman, R.L. and Wachtel, H. “Slow and Rapid responses to cw and pulsed microwave radiation by individual Aplysia pacemakers.” J. Microwave Power. 13 (1), 77–86, 1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. C. Yee
    • 1
  1. 1.Microwave Institute of the Chekiang Medical CollegeHangchowChina

Personalised recommendations