Biological Effects of RF and MW Energy at Molecular and Cellular Level

  • W. Grundler
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 49)


Primary interaction between absorbed RF and MW energy and biological material takes place at the molecular and cellular levels. Biomolecules or assemblies of molecules are thought to be influenced by these external fields. These disturbances can be studied, for instance as effects on metabolism or regulation. The cell, as the smallest self reproducing unit, offers a great possibility for studying RF and MW effects as most biological mechanisms are involved in growth and cell division. Therefore, experimental studies on this level are both possible and necessary for investigating the basic mechanisms of biological interaction of ELM-wave energy.


Yeast Cell Bone Marrow Cell Relative Growth Rate Microwave Power Irradiate Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    P.E. Tyler, ed., Biologic Effects of Nonionizing Radiation, New York Academy of Sciences, New York, Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. (1975).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.F. Cleary, Biological Effects of Microwave and Radiofrequency Radiation, CRC Crit. Rev. Environ. Control, 121, June (1977).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.M. Michaelson, Microwave Biological Effects: An Overview, Proceedings of the IEEE 68, 1: pp. 40–49 Jan. (1980).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H.P. Schwan, Interaction of Microwave and Radiofrequency Radiation with Biological Systems, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-19: 146–152 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.W. Guy, Analyses of Electromagnetic Fields induced in Biological Tissues by Thermographie Studies on Equivalent Phantom Models. IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-19: 205–214 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S.M. Michaelson, Human Exposure to Nonionizing Radiant Energy-Potential Hazards and Safety Standards, Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 60, No. 4, April (1972).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.C. Johnson, A.W. Guy, Nonionizing Electromagnetic Wave Effects in Biological Materials and Systems, Proceeding of the IEEE, Vol. 60, No. 6, June (1972).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.J. Webb and A.D. Booth, Absorption of Microwaves by Microorganismus, Nature 222: 1199 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A.J. Berteaud, M. Dardalhon, N. Rebeyrotte et D. Averbeck, Action d’un Rayonnement Electromagnétique é Longueur d’Onde Millimétrique sur le Croissance Bactérienne, C.R. Acad. Sc. Paris 281: D843 (1975).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    N.D. Devyatkov, et al., Scientific Session of the Division of General Physics and Astronomy, USSR Academy of Sciences, Sov. Phys. -Usp. (Translation) 16: 568 (1974).ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    W. Grundler, F. Keilmann and H. Fröhlich, Resonant Growth Rate Response of Yeast Cells Irradiated by Weak Microwaves, Phys. Lett., 62A: 463 (1977);ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. W. Grundler and F. Keilmann, Nonthermal Effects of Millimeter Microwaves on Yeast Growth, Z. Naturforsch. 33c, 15–22 (1978).Google Scholar
  13. 12.
    L.S. Taylor, Athermal Microwave Biological Effects: A Recapitulation, in:”The Mechanisms of Microwave Biological Effects, L.S. Taylor, A.Y. Cheung, ed., Report on a Workshop Univ. of Maryland, May (1979).Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    H. Fröhlich, The Biological Effects of Microwave and Related Questions, in:“Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics”, Vol. 53: pp. 85–152 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 14.
    F. Kaiser, Coherent Oscillations in Biological Systems, Z. Naturforsch. 33a; 294–418 (1978).ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 15.
    E.W. Prohofsky, Inducing soft mode transitions by interaction with radiation fields and possible relevance to microwave effects in biological materials; Phys. Lett., 63A: 179 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 16.
    K.H. Illinger,Millimeter wave and far infrared Absorption in Biological Systems. Proceedings of “The Physical Basis of ELM Interactions with Biological Systems”. L.S. Taylor and A.L. Cheung, Bureau of Radiological Health, Rockville, Maryland 20857: 43–66 (1978).Google Scholar
  18. 17.
    L.A. Sevastyanova, R.L. Vilenskaya, A Study of the Effects of Millimeter-Band Microwaves on the Bone Marrow of Mice, Sov. Phys. -Usp. (Engl. Transi.) 16: 570 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 18.
    L.A. Sevastyanova, Properties of the Biological Action of mm-Radiowaves and their Application in Medicine, Vestn. Akad. Med. Nauk. SSSR (Germ. Transi.) pp. 65–68 (1979).Google Scholar
  20. 19.
    B.K. Chang, A.T. Huang, W.T. Joines, Inhibition of DNA Synthesis and Enhancement of the uptake and Action of Methotrexate by Low-Power-Density Microwave Radiation in L 1210 Leukemia Cells. Cancer Res., 40. 1002–1005 (1980).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Grundler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Angewandte PhysikGesellschaft für Strahlen- und Umweltforschung mbHNeuherbergF.R. Germany

Personalised recommendations