Principles of Cognitive Rehabilitation

  • James F. Craine


This present topic is seen as an attempt to bring some order and regularity into an extremely complex activity. So that we are in agreement as to the topic, it is suggested that we look more closely at the title, “Principles of Cognitive Rehabilitation”. We can readily recognize rehabilitation as a program aimed at the restoration of functions and understand this to vary from general to specific in focus and from minimal to complete in terms of the amount of recovery achieved. The cognitive portion is not as clearly apparent, however, as it involves the entire process of knowing and understanding, which would include both awareness and judgment and which also comprises the decision-making process plus resultant actions. It is thus apparent that “cognitive” is a very broad term which will most probably include more than just the involvement of the neocortex of the human brain. Perhaps cognitive rehabilitation should be considered in the broader sense and pertain to the restoration of all higher level brain functions, which would also include subcortical brain functions as well. This is in agreement with Luria (1966) who states “It is obvious that the higher mental processes are functions of the brain as a whole and that the activity of the cerebral cortex can be examined only in conjunction with that of nervous structures at lower levels” (p. 1). Therefore, if we can formulate a broad and basic set of assumptions (principles) concerning the type of program that would seek to restore the higher level brain functions to a standard of usefulness, we would then comply with the title of this chapter, “Principles of Cognitive Rehabilitation”.


Sensory Modality Brain Damage Training Activity Cognitive Rehabilitation Training Plan 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • James F. Craine
    • 1
  1. 1.Neuropsychology ServiceHawaii State HospitalKaneoheUSA

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