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Cognitive and Neuropsychological Aspects of Affective Change Following Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Lance E. Trexler

Abstract

The functional information processing capability of the central nervous system (CNS) may be systematically related to the type and severity of disturbance of affective behavior following traumatic head injury. This hypothesis rests upon the assumption that affective behavior consists of an “appropriate cognitive state plus a certain degree of arousal” (Valenstein and Heilman, 1979, p. 415). Further, one might hypothesize that inappropriate affective behavior, following head injury, is therefore related to alterations of an “appropriate” cognitive state and/or a disturbance of arousal mechanisms. Cognition, however, can be considered to represent a number of interrelated processes including attention, memory and ability to learn, among others. The formation of cognitive states involves the perception and processing of current environmental information as well as the processing and accessing of internally, neurally represented information. Further, the neural representation of information is most likely related to (1) the extent to which a behavioral (affective) repertoire has been learned and (2) the functional integrity and accessability of that information.

Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury Limbic System Reticular Formation Neural Representation Medial Forebrain Bundle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lance E. Trexler
    • 1
  1. 1.Neuropsychology Service Medical Psychology DepartmentCommunity Hospital of IndianapolisUSA

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