The Role of Electrochemistry in the Electronic Industry
Electrochemistry plays a vital role in electronics. Classical processes (plating, anodization, electropolishing, corrosion, etc.) are relevant to most electronic components. Of particular interest, however, are the electrochemical processes used in the construction of integrated circuits and other micro-electronic devices. These processes are central to the fabrication of such structures, and can contribute to the continuation of the spectacular progress in the complexity and performance of solid-state circuits that has occurred over the last two decades. In addition, other new electronic components have an essentially electrochemical basis; these include electrochromic cells, lithium intercalation compounds for battery cathodes, solid electrolytes, and liquid-junction solar cells.