Battery Development in Europe

  • Wolf Vielstich


Battery work in Europe presently is focused on secondary systems for electrotraction and load levelling. An improved lead acid system (ca. 50 Wh/kg, 5 hr rate) is still considered as the number one candidate for both applications in the near future. For heavy traction (electric bus) a cycle life of more than 1000 cycles at the 2 hr operation has been demonstrated with present technology (up to 25 Wh/kg incl. container). Further intensive investigations are made in the field of Na/S, LiAl/FeS, Ni/Fe, alkaline and acid H2/O2 cells as well as in primary Al-batteries with oxygen or air as oxidant.


Cell Voltage Raney Nickel Lead Dioxide City Traffic High Temperature System 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolf Vielstich
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BonnBonnWest Germany

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