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Ion-Pairing Reactions in Analytical Chemistry

  • Göran Schill
  • Douglas Westerlund
Part of the Modern Analytical Chemistry book series (volume 2)

Abstract

Solvent extraction is a classical technique for the isolation and separation of organic and inorganic compounds from more or less complicated mixtures. In the traditional approach, organic substances are separated in uncharged form and the extraction degree is then regulated only by the character of the organic phase and, if the analytes are protolytes, by the pH of the aqueous phase. An important increase in the flexibility of both the efficiency and selectivity of an extraction can be achieved when complex-forming agents participate in the distribution equilibria. Such an approach is furthermore the only possibility for charged compounds and for very hydrophilic compounds. In metal extraction work this principle is necessary and has a rather long tradition.(1) It has, however, frequently, especially in later years, also been applied to the extraction of organic compounds and this is the main subject for the present review.

Keywords

Organic Phase Crown Ether Distribution Ratio Extraction Constant Quaternary Ammonium Compound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Göran Schill
    • 1
  • Douglas Westerlund
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Analytical Pharmaceutical ChemistryUniversity of Uppsala, Biomedical CenterUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Astra Läkemedel AB, Research and Development LaboratoriesBioanalytical ChemistrySödertäljeSweden

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