NIH, Kidney Research, and the Patient with Renal Disease

  • Nancy B. Cummings
  • Gladys H. Hirschman


The first venture of the Federal government into the support of catastrophic illness for almost all Americans afflicted with a disease was made on October 30, 1972, when PL 92-603, Section 299(I), known tersely as the End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Amendment, was enacted. In 33 lines of succinctly worded public law, it was stated that “every individual who ... is medically determined to have chronic renal disease and who requires hemodialysis or renal transplantation for such disease, shall be deemed to be disabled for the purposes of coverage under parts A and B of Medicare subject to the deductible, premium, and copayment provisions of title XVIII.”1


Health Care Financing Medicare Program Urinary Tract Disease Home Dialysis Health Care Financing Administration 


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  1. 1.
    Social Security Act Amendments of 1972, Public Law 92–603, 92nd Congress, H.R 1, Oct 28, 1972, pp 135–136.Google Scholar
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    Social Security Act Amendments of 1978, Public Lay 95–292, 15th Congress, H.R 8423, June 13, 1978.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy B. Cummings
    • 1
  • Gladys H. Hirschman
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, and Digestive and Kidney DiseasesNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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