Soft Energy vs Nuclear Energy

  • Yoshio Ando


During the early 1960s, a plentiful, inexpensive supply of petroleum enabled Japanese industry to progress rapidly; however, almost all of this petroleum was imported. Even after the first oil crisis of 1973, the recent annual energy consumption of Japan is calculated to be about 360 million tons in terms of petroleum, and actual petroleum forms 73% of total energy. It is necessary for Japan to reduce reliance on petroleum and to diversify energy resources. The use of other fossil fuels, such as coal, LNG and LPG, and hydraulic energy, is considered as an established alternative.

In this presentation, the author deals with new energy, namely soft energy and nuclear energy, and discusses their characteristics and problems. The following kinds of energy are dealt with:
  1. a)

    Solar energy,

  2. b)

    Geothermal energy,

  3. c)

    Ocean energy (tidal, thermal, wave),

  4. d)

    Wind energy,

  5. e)

    Biomass energy,

  6. f)


  7. g)

    Nuclear (thermal, fast, fusion).


To solve the energy problem in future, assiduous efforts should be made to develop new energy systems. Among them, the most promising alternative energy is nuclear energy, and various kinds of thermal reactor systems have been developed for practical application. As a solution to the long-term future energy problem, research on and development of fast breeder reactors and fusion reactors are going on.


Nuclear Power Station Geothermal Energy Power Generation System Fast Breeder Reactor Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    T. Fujimura: World Energy and Nuclear Development (Sankei Publishing Co., 1980).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. Ando, vs. A. Robins: Nuclear power generation or soft energy. The Ushio, No. 253, 1980.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. Ando: Various alternative energy and nuclear energy. The Thermal and Nuclear Power, 31, 292 (1981).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© University of Tokyo Press 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshio Ando
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear EngineeringUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations