Encoding Deficits in Aging

  • Nancy C. Waugh
  • Robin A. Barr
Part of the Advances in the Study of Communication and Affect book series (ASCA, volume 8)


The ability to register, retain, and recollect experienced events is basic to every other higher mental process. Remembering is an essential component of problem-solving, concept-formation, and intelligent decision-making. By now there exists a growing mass of evidence that memory undergoes progressive deterioration throughout the late adult years, even in the absence of specific neurological disease. It takes the normal elderly individual longer than it does the young adult to assimilate, search for, and locate information, both verbal and nonverbal— and he is less likely to do so successfully. Different processes may, as Walsh has indicated (Chapter 6), decline at different rates within the same individual, and I the pattern is not necessarily the same from subject to subject. This is an important point to consider, all the more so if one wishes to construct and standardize more sophisticated tests of memory function than are currently available. We really ought to measure individual patterns of performance in the study of aging more than we do.


False Alarm Target Word Elderly Subject Serial Position Original List 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy C. Waugh
    • 1
  • Robin A. Barr
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Experimental PsychologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordEngland

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