Encoding Deficits in Aging
The ability to register, retain, and recollect experienced events is basic to every other higher mental process. Remembering is an essential component of problem-solving, concept-formation, and intelligent decision-making. By now there exists a growing mass of evidence that memory undergoes progressive deterioration throughout the late adult years, even in the absence of specific neurological disease. It takes the normal elderly individual longer than it does the young adult to assimilate, search for, and locate information, both verbal and nonverbal— and he is less likely to do so successfully. Different processes may, as Walsh has indicated (Chapter 6), decline at different rates within the same individual, and I the pattern is not necessarily the same from subject to subject. This is an important point to consider, all the more so if one wishes to construct and standardize more sophisticated tests of memory function than are currently available. We really ought to measure individual patterns of performance in the study of aging more than we do.
KeywordsFalse Alarm Target Word Elderly Subject Serial Position Original List
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