Advertisement

Intimacy pp 141-158 | Cite as

Humanistic Approaches to Intimacy

  • Alvin R. Mahrer

Abstract

There are two questions I intend to answer. The first is: What are the various meanings or ways of conceptualizing intimacy from the perspective of humanistic approaches? My answer is that there are three meanings of intimacy, two of which are old and one of which is new. The second question is: What are the role and place of these three kinds of intimacy within humanistic approaches to psychotherapy?

Keywords

Human Nature Intimate Relationship Bodily Sensation Passive Mode Humanistic Psychology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexander, F. The dynamics of psychotherapy in the light of learning theory. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1963, 5, 440–448.Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, F., & French, T. M. Psychoanalytic therapy. New York: Ronald, 1946.Google Scholar
  3. Allport, G. Pattern and growth in personality. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1961.Google Scholar
  4. Angyal, A. Neurosis and treatment: A holistic theory. New York: Wiley, 1965.Google Scholar
  5. Binswanger, L. The existential analysis school of thought. In R. May, E. Angel, & H. F. Ellenberger (Eds.), Existence: A new dimension in psychiatry and psychology. New York: Basic Books, 1958.Google Scholar
  6. Binswanger, L. Being-in-the-world. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1967.Google Scholar
  7. Boelen, B. J. Personal maturity: The existential dimension. New York: Seabury Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  8. Buber, M. Between man and man. Boston: Beacon, 1955.Google Scholar
  9. Buber, M. l-thou. (2nd ed.). New York: Scribner’s, 1958.Google Scholar
  10. Bugental, J. F. T. The person who is the psychotherapist. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 1964, 28, 272–277.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bugental, J. F. T. The search for authenticity. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1965.Google Scholar
  12. Buhler, C. Human life goals in the humanistic perspective. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 1967, 7, 36–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Buhler, C., & Massarik, F. The course of human life: A study of goals in the humanistic perspective. New York: Springer, 1968.Google Scholar
  14. Coleman, J. C. Psychology and effective behavior. Chicago: Scott, Foresman, 1969.Google Scholar
  15. Frankl, V. E. From death camp to existentialism. Boston: Beacon Press, 1959.Google Scholar
  16. Fromm, E. Escape from freedom. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1941.Google Scholar
  17. Fromm, E. Man for himself. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1947.Google Scholar
  18. Fromm, E. The art of loving. New York: Harper & Row, 1956.Google Scholar
  19. Fromm, E. Value, psychology, and human existence. In A. H. Maslow (Ed.), New knowledge in human values. New York: Harper & Row, 1959.Google Scholar
  20. Gendlin, E. T. A theory of personality change. In P. Worchel & D. Byrne (Eds.), Personality change. New York: Wiley, 1964.Google Scholar
  21. Gendlin, E. T. Existentialism and experiential psychotherapy. In C. Moustakas (Ed.), Existential child therapy. New York: Basic Books, 1966.Google Scholar
  22. Gendlin, E. T. Client-centered: The experiential response. In E. F. Hammer (Ed.), Use of interpretation in treatment. New York: Grune and Stratton, 1968.Google Scholar
  23. Gendlin, E. T. Focusing. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 1969, 6, 4–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gendlin, E. T. Focusing. New York: Everest, 1978.Google Scholar
  25. Havens, L. L. Approaches to the mind: Movement of the psychiatric schools from sects toward science. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973.Google Scholar
  26. Heidegger, M. Existence and being. London: Vision Press, 1949.Google Scholar
  27. Hora, T. Psychotherapy, existence and religion. In H. M. Ruitenbeek (Ed.), Psychoanalysis and existential philosophy. New York: Dutton, 1962.Google Scholar
  28. Jaspers, K. Man in the modern age. Garden City: Doubleday, 1957.Google Scholar
  29. Jourard, S. M. Personal adjustment: An approach through the study of the healthy personality. New York: Macmillan, 1963.Google Scholar
  30. Jourard, S. M. To be or not to be… transparent. In S. M. Jourard (Ed.), To be or not to be. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1967.Google Scholar
  31. Jourard, S. M. Disclosing man to himself. Princeton, New Jersey: Van Nostrand, 1968.Google Scholar
  32. Jourard, S. M. The transparent self. Princeton, New Jersey: Van Nostrand, 1971.Google Scholar
  33. Jourard, S. M. Existential quest. In A. Wandersman, P. Poppen, & D. Ricks (Eds.), Humanism and behaviorism: Dialogue and growth. New York: Pergamon Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  34. Kempler, W. Experiential psychotherapy with families. Family Process, 1968, 7, 88–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kovacs, A. L. The intimate relationship: A therapeutic paradox. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 1965, 2, 97–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Laing, R. D. The divided self. London: Tavistock Publications, 1975.Google Scholar
  37. Lawton, G. Neurotic interaction between counselor and counselee. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1958, 5, 28–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Levitsky, A., & Perls, F. The rules and games of Gestalt therapy. In J. Fagan & I. L. Shepherd (Eds.), Gestalt therapy now. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.Google Scholar
  39. Lewis, C. S. The four loves. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1960.Google Scholar
  40. Mahrer, A. R. Experiencing: A humanistic theory of psychology and psychiatry. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1978. (a)Google Scholar
  41. Mahrer, A. R. The therapist-patient relationship: Conceptual analysis and a proposal for a paradigm-shift. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 1978, 15, 201–215. (b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Mahrer, A. R. Turning the tables on termination. Voices: Journal of the American Academy of Psychotherapists, 1978, 13, 24–31. (c)Google Scholar
  43. Mahrer, A. R. Research on theoretical concepts of psychotherapy. In W. de Moor & H. R. Wijngaarden (Eds.), Psychotherapy: Research and training. Amsterdam; Elsevier/North Holland Biomedical Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  44. Maslow, A. H. Toward a psychology of being. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1962.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Maslow, A. H. Motivation and personality. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.Google Scholar
  46. May, R. Man’s search for himself. New York: W. W. Norton, 1953.Google Scholar
  47. May, R. Contributions of existential psychotherapy. In R. May, E. Angel, & H. F. Ellenberger (Eds.), Existence: A new dimension in psychiatry and psychology. New York: Basic Books, 1958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. May, R. The daemonic: Love and death. Psychology Today, 1968, 1, 16–25.Google Scholar
  49. May, R. Eove and will. New York: Norton, 1969.Google Scholar
  50. Moustakas, C. E. Honesty, idiocy and manipulation. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 1962, 2, 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Mullan, H., & Sangiuliano, I. The therapist’s contribution to the treatment process. Springfield, 111.: Charles C Thomas, 1964.Google Scholar
  52. Needleman, J. The concept of the existential a priori. In J. Needleman (Ed.), Being-in-the-world: Selected papers of Ludwig Binswanger. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1967.Google Scholar
  53. Nell, R. Intimacy without closeness-Closeness without intimacy. Voices: Journal of the American Academy of Psychotherapists, 1979, 25, 15–20.Google Scholar
  54. Overstreet, H. The mature mind. New York: Norton, 1949.Google Scholar
  55. Prescott, D. A. The child in the educative process. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1957.Google Scholar
  56. Rogers, C. R. The necessary and sufficient conditions for therapeutic personality change. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 1957, 22, 95–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Rogers, C. R. A theory of therapy, personality, and interpersonal relationships as developed in the client-centered framework. In S. Koch (Ed.), Psychology: A study of a science Vol. 3. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959.Google Scholar
  58. Rogers, C. R. Client-centered therapy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.Google Scholar
  59. Rogers, C. R. On becoming a person. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1970.Google Scholar
  60. Schofield, W. Psychotherapy: The purchase of friendship. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1964.Google Scholar
  61. Schwarz, O. The psychology of sex. New York: Penguin, 1951.Google Scholar
  62. Seguin, C. A. Love and psychotherapy: The psychotherapeutic eros. New York: Libra, 1965.Google Scholar
  63. Shaffer, J. B. P. Liumanistic psychology. Englewood, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1978.Google Scholar
  64. Shepherd, I. L. Intimacy in psychotherapy. Voices: Journal of the American Academy of Psychotherapists, 1979, 25, 9–14.Google Scholar
  65. Shoben, E. J., Jr. Psychotherapy as a problem in learning theory. Psychological Bulletin, 1949, 46, 366–392.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Sorokin, P. A. Altruistic love. Boston: Beacon, 1950.Google Scholar
  67. Sorokin, P. A. The powers of creative unselfish love. In A. H. Maslow (Ed.), New knowledge in human values. New York: Harper & Row, 1959.Google Scholar
  68. Suttie, I. The origins of love and hate. New York: Julian Press, 1935.Google Scholar
  69. Teilhard de Chardin, P. The phenomenon of man. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.Google Scholar
  70. Truax, C. B. Effective ingrediants in psychotherapy: An approach to unraveling the patient-therapist interaction. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1963, 10, 256–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Wheelis, A. W. The quest for identity. New York: Norton, 1958.Google Scholar
  72. Whitaker, C. A. Warkentin, J., & Malone, T. P. The involvement of the professional therapist. In A. Burton (Ed.), Case studies in counseling and psychotherapy. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1959.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alvin R. Mahrer
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Psychological ServicesUniversity of OttawaCanada

Personalised recommendations