Surgery today is safer, and the anesthetic risk is less, than at any previous time in history. Continued progress in improving the surgical treatment of disease and in reducing surgical and anesthetic morbidity and mortality can take place only in an atmosphere where responsible, carefully performed surgical research is encouraged. To the nonsurgeon (especially the layman) serving on an IRB, it may seem that surgical research per se presents a great magnitude of risk, since surgery itself, even without a research component, enjoins substantial intrinsic risk. The IRB must therefore commit itself to understanding the needs and problems of surgeons and judge surgical research projects in an appropriate context.
KeywordsCooperative Study Surgical Research Surgical Judgment Academic Surgery Academic Surgeon
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