Cloning Vectors Derived from Bacterial Plasmids

  • Michael Bittner
  • Daniel Vapnek
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series


Bacterial plasmids are a diverse group of extrachromosomal genetic elements which are found in a wide variety of procaryotes. An examination of a large number of naturally occuring plasmids has led to the conclusion that they have evolved through a process which can be referred to as “modular evolution”. In this process, various functional units (such as those involved in conjugal transfer, antibiotic resistance and colicin production) have been combined with a replicating segment (replicon) to produce a composite plasmid. Further analysis has revealed that these functional units or modules are often transposable i.e., they can move from site to site in the absence of homologous recombination (40). Due to transposition, this process is dynamic, in that modules can be added or deleted to allow for the rapid evolution of more fit plasmids.


Cloning Vector Antibiotic Resistance Gene Bacterial Plasmid Unique Restriction Site Strain CR63 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Bittner
    • 1
  • Daniel Vapnek
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular and Population GeneticsUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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