Advertisement

An Overview of the Physics of Nuclear Fusion: Its Present Status and Future Prospects

  • D. C. Robinson

Abstract

The realisation that cheap and abundant energy cannot be taken for granted together with increasing environmental pressures, has led to a considerable expansion of fusion research, particularly in the USA and Japan. The research has narrowed into a more limited number of approaches for the control of high temperature matter using magnetic fields. A new branch of research has developed for investigating the possibility of obtaining controlled energy-producing explosions generated by high-powered laser beams or charged-particle beams. In addition there is increasing attention being given to the technological and engineering problems of controlled nuclear fusion. Table 1 summarises the growth of the research investment in fusion.

Keywords

Magnetic Field Line Plasma Current Ohmic Heating Vacuum Vessel Toroidal Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    W.H.Bennett, Phys. Rev., 45, 890 (1934).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P.C.Thonemann, W.T.Cowhig, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London), B64, 345 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.W.Cousins, A.A.Ware, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London), B64, 159 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.D.Lawson, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London), B70, 6 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.M.Kulsrud and D.L.Jassby, Nature, 259, 541 (1976).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I.E Tamm, Plasma Physics and the Problem of Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions, Pergammon Press, 1, 35 (1961).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    N.J. Peacock et al., Nature, 224, 448 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L.A.Artsimovich, Nucl. Fusion, 12, 215 (1972); H.P.Furth, Nucl. Fusion, 15, 487 (1975); H.P.Furth, Scientific American, 241, 39 (1979).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    B.Coppi and E.Mazzucatto, Phys. Letts., 71A, 337 (1979).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A.Gondhalekar, Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, Proc. 7th Int. Conf. Innsbruck 1978, Vol. I, IAEA Vienna, 199 (1979).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    T.Ohkawa, Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, Proc. 9th Euro. Conf. Oxford, 2, 321 (1979).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    S.V.Mirnov and I.B.Semenov, Atomnaya Energiya, 30, 20 (1971).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S.Von Goeler et al., Phys. Rev. Letts., 33, 120 (1974).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H.Eubank et al., Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research. Proc. 7th Int. Conf. Innsbruck, 1978. Vol. I, IAEA Vienna, 167 (1979).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M.Roberts, Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, Proc. 9th Euro. Conf. Oxford, 2, 197 (1979).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    W.H.M.Clark et al., submitted to Phys. Rev. Letts. 1980.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    V.S.Strelkov, Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, Proc. 9th Euro. Conf. Oxford, 2, 387 (1979).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    H.P.Furth, Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, Proc. 9th Euro. Conf. Oxford, 2, 309 (1979).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S.L.Milora, Phys. Rev. Letts., 42, 97 (1979).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    C.Bobeldkijk, Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, Proc. 8th Euro. Conf. Prague, 2, 139 (1977).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    E.Funfer, Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, Proc. 8th Euro. Conf. Prague, 12, 153 (1977).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    J.B.Taylor, Phys. Rev. Letts., 33, 1139 (1974).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A.Buffa et al., Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, Proc. 9th Euro. Conf. Oxford, 2, 544 (1979).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    T.Ohkawa, General Atomic Company Report, 1979, GA1556.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    L.Spitzer Jnr, Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Proc. 2nd UN Int. Conf. Geneva, 32, 181 (1968).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    F.H.Coensgen, Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, Proc. 6th Int. Conf. Berchtesgaden, 2, 135 (1976).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    R.A.Dandl et al., Plasma Physics and Fusion Research, Proc. 4th Int. Conf. Vienna, 2, 607 (1976).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    M.N.Bussac et al., Plasma Physics and Fusion Research, Proc. 7th Int. Conf. Vienna, 3, 249 (1979).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    J.L.Emmett, Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, Proc. 9th Euro. Conf. Oxford, 2, 496 (1979).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    G.Yonas, Scientific American, 239, 40 (1978).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    R.C.Arnold, Nature, 276, 19 (1978).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Commission of the European Communities, The JET Project, 1975, (EUR-JET-R7).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    J.T.D.Mitchell, Technology of Controlled Nuclear Fusion, Proc. 3rd Topical Meeting, Santa Fe, American Physical Society, 321 (1978).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    R.Hancox and J.T.D.Mitchell, Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, Proc. 6th Int. Conf. Berchtesgaden 1976, IAEA Vienna, 3, 193 (1977).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    R.Hancox and C.R.Walters, Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research, Proc. 7th Int. Conf. Innsbruck 1978, IAEA Vienna, 3, 323 (1979).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    H.A.Bethe, Physics Today, May 1979, p 44.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. C. Robinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Culham Laboratory AbingdonOxonUK

Personalised recommendations