A Situational Analysis of Social Behavior in Long-Stay Psychiatric Patients
Reports of Social Skills Training (SST) have appeared with increasing frequency in the last 10 to 15 years. The techniques have now been used with a wide variety of patient groups including psychiatric in-patients (Hersen and Bellack, 1976), psychiatric outpatients (Argyle et al, 1974), alcoholics (Foy et al, 1976), adolescents (Lindsay et al, 1979) and children (Frosh and Callias, 1980). Several reviewers have documented this rapid growth and the application of SST to these several patient groups, (Hersen and Bellack) 1976; Marzillier, 1978; Hersen, 1979; Trower, 1979). In assessing the effectiveness of SST, three aspects have usually been considered; improvements in social behaviour within the treatment setting, generalisation of improvement from the treatment setting to other important situations of the patient’s life, and the maintenance of these changes after treatment has finished. It is not the purpose of this introduction to cover information which has already been done extensively elsewhere. This short review will outline some of the shortcomings in the effectiveness of SST in order to make a case for helping the patient to use the skills he already possesses in a greater variety of settings, rather than training individuals in relative isolation of their social surroundings.
KeywordsSocial Skill Psychiatric Patient Social Skill Training Situational Analysis Male Nurse
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