Application of PIXE, RBS and High Energy Proton Microbeams to the Elemental Analysis of Coal and Coal Waste

  • H. W. Kraner
  • A. L. Hanson
  • K. W. Jones
  • S. A. Oakley
  • I. W. Duedall
  • P. M. J. Woodhead


Several developing techniques of elemental analysis based on nuclear technology are becoming more actively applied to research in the earth science and fossil fuel research.1 This paper will present a brief description of several relatively new analytical methods which, together with more established techniques such as the scanning electron microprobe, provide a comprehensive array of methods for materials analysis. These methods, which are being used in a continuing study of the elemental constituency and integrity of coal waste products, include proton and x-ray induced fluorescent x-ray analysis (PIXE and XRF), alpha particle backscattering (Rutherford backscattering, RBS), proton microbeam analysis and electron microprobe analysis.


Bituminous Coal Rutherford Backscattering Coal Waste Proton Microprobe Scanning Electron Microprobe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. W. Kraner
    • 1
  • A. L. Hanson
    • 1
  • K. W. Jones
    • 1
  • S. A. Oakley
    • 2
  • I. W. Duedall
    • 2
  • P. M. J. Woodhead
    • 2
  1. 1.Brookhaven National LaboratoryUptonUSA
  2. 2.Marine Sciences Research CenterState University of New YorkStony BrookUSA

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