Surface Treatments for Enhanced Bonding Between Inorganic Surfaces and Polymers

  • Frederick M. Fowkes
Part of the Sagamore Army Materials Research Conference Proceedings book series (SAMC, volume 26)


Nearly all intermolecular interactions in solution and at interfaces can be reduced to two phenomena: London dispersion forces, and electron donor-acceptor (acid-base) interactions. Hydrogen bonds are included in acid-base interactions, and dipole phenomena are usually negligibly small. Earlier popular notions that all “polar” groups can interact with each other are shown untenable; donor-donor and acceptor-acceptor interactions are negligibly small compared to donor-acceptor interactions. The bonding of polymers to metal surfaces is also governed by donor-acceptor interactions. Semiconducting p-type oxides (as on chromium) are electron-accepting and bond strongly only to polymers with electron-donor groups; n-type oxides (as on aluminum) are electron-donors and bond strongly only to polymers with electron-accepting groups. Some oxides have both kinds of sites. Surface “preparation” of metal oxides usually involves chemical treatments to strengthen donor-acceptor interactions with polymers. Surface analysis techniques allow determination of concentrations and strengths of donor and acceptor groups.


Contact Angle Acrylic Acid Vinyl Acetate Basic Solvent Basic Liquid 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick M. Fowkes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry#6 Lehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA

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