Biological Monitoring of Fluidized Bed Coal Combustion Operations I. Increased Mutagenicity during Periods of Incomplete Combustion
The Ames Salmonella microsome assay (Ames and Yamasaki, 1975) is used extensively to screen environmental pollutants because of its rapidity, its relatively low cost, and its sensitivity in detecting carcinogens (McCann et al., 1975). We applied the Ames assay to the study of mutagenic particulates produced by an experimental process-development fluidized bed combustor (FBC) at Argonne National Laboratory. This FBC also was used for mouse inhalation toxicology experiments (Kirchner et al., 1980; this study is reported in this volume as Biological Monitoring of Fluidized Bed Coal Combustion Operations II.).
KeywordsBiological Monitoring Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbon Steady Operation Ames Assay Chemical Engineer Division
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Clark, C.R., R.L. Hanson, and A. Sanchez. 1978. Mutagenicity of effluents associated with the fluidized bed combustion of coal. In: Inhalation Toxicology Research Annual Report 1977–1978. Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute.Google Scholar
- Kirchner, F.R., D.M. Buchholz, V.A. Pahnke, and C.A. Reilly, Jr. 1980. Biological monitoring of fluidized bed combustion operations I I. Mammalian responses following exposure to the gaseous effluents. Presented at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Second Symposium on the Application of Short-term Bioassays in the Fractionation and Analysis of Complex Environmental Mixtures, Williamsburg, VA.Google Scholar
- Kubitschek, H.E., and D.A. Haugen. 1980. Biological activity of effluents from fluidized bed combustion of high-sulfur coal. In: Health Implications of New Energy Technologies. W.N. Rom and W.E. Archer, eds. Ann Arbor Science Publishers: Ann Arbor, MI. pp. 381–394.Google Scholar
- Natusch, D.F.S., and B.A. Tomkins. 1978. Theoretical consideration of the adsorption of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon vapor onto fly ash in a coal-fired power plant. In: Carcinogenesis, Vol. 3: Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons. P.W. Jones and R.I. Freudenthal, eds. Raven Press: New York. pp. 145–303.Google Scholar