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Bioassays of Effluents from Stationary Sources: An Overview

  • R. G. MerrillJr.
  • W. W. McFee
  • N. A. Jaworski
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 22)

Abstract

Major point sources of pollutants will be with us for a long time. Ever since western civilization began to industrialize and to require high inputs of energy from combustion, pollutants have been emitted in increasing amounts. In 1977, stationary electric power sources were emitting 19.3 million tons of sulfur oxides, 7 million tons of nitrogen oxides, 3.1 million tons of suspended particles, and 0.1 million tons of volatile organic compounds into the atmosphere of the United States (U.S. EPA, 1978). These figures represent about 70% of the sulfur oxides and 40% of the nitrogen oxides emitted each year. Clearly, stationary sources of air pollutants deserve close attention on the basis of the mass of emissions alone. The upward trend in emissions from stationary sources is expected to level off or decrease in some regions of the United States after 1990 but to continue upward in others, in spite of advances in control technologies. New systems of energy conversion and fuel processing, for example, fluidized bed combustion and coal gasification, will introduce new pollution control problems. The industrial growth anticipated in synthetic fuels will increase the need for stringent analysis of the potential hazardous impact of pollutants in the coming years.

Keywords

Nitrogen Oxide Environmental Assessment Stationary Source Coal Gasification Sulfur Oxide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Dorsey, J.A., L.D. Johnson, and R.G. Merrill. 1978. A phased approach for characterization of multimedia discharges from processes. In: Monitoring Toxic Substances. D. Schuetzle, ed. ACS Symposium Series, No. 94. American Chemical Society: Washington, DC. pp. 29–48.Google Scholar
  2. Gage, S.J. 1978. Keynote address. In: Symposium Proceedings: Process Measurements for Environmental Assessment, Atlanta, GA. E.A. Burns, ed. EPA 600/7–78–168. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research Triangle Park, N.C. pp. 1 – 3.Google Scholar
  3. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1978. National Air Ouality, Monitoring and Emissions Trends Report, 1977. EPA–450/2–78–052. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Research Triangle Park, NC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. MerrillJr.
    • 1
  • W. W. McFee
    • 1
  • N. A. Jaworski
    • 1
  1. 1.Industrial Environmental Research LaboratoryU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyResearch Triangle ParkUSA

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