The Program of Fortification of Sugar with Vitamin A in Guatemala
Results of many nutrition surveys show that a low dietary intake of vitamin A is widespread in sectors of the population in many parts of this hemisphere. Clinical and biochemical studies also indicate that hypovitaminosis-A exists in certain segments of the population. Cases of partial and total blindness resulting from severe vitamin A deficiency in association with protein-calorie malnutrition have been reported, often associated with high case-fatality rates. It may, therefore, be concluded that hypovitaminosis-A represents a public health problem in this hemisphere….
The milder forms of hypovitaminosis-A present even greater problems in assigning priorities in the context of public health. Obviously, considerably larger numbers of the population are affected, and yet our present lack of knowledge of the effects of the lesser degrees of this deficiency makes it difficult to assign priorities realistically. From experiments in animals, however, it can be assumed that prolonged low intake of vitamin A and its precursors may have serious effects on growth and development and on resistance to infectious diseases.
Despite the apparent interest in this subject in scientific literature and the considerable epidemiological data available for this hemisphere, relatively little action has been taken to combat or control this disorder either in its severe or milder forms.
KeywordsSugar Manufacturer Retinyl Palmitate Food Fortification White Sugar Sugar Price
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Pan American Health Organization. Hypovitaminosis-A in the Americas. Report of a PAHO Technical Group Meeting, Washington, D.C., November 28–30, 1968. PAHO Scientific Publication No. 198, PAHO, Washington, D.C., 1970.Google Scholar
- 2.Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama. Nutritional Evaluation of the Population of Central America and Panama: A Regional Summary. DHEW Publication No. [HSM] 72-8120, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Washington, D.C., 1972.Google Scholar
- 3.Oomen, H. A. P. C., D. S. McLaren, and H. Escapini. Epidemiology and public health aspects of hypovitaminosis-A: A global survey on xerophthalmia. Trop. Geogr. Med. 16: 271–315, 1964.Google Scholar
- 4.Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama. Fortification of Sugar with Vitamin A in Central America and Panama. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., 1975.Google Scholar
- 5.Arroyave, G., J. R. Aguilar, M. Flores, and M. A. Guzmán. Evaluation of Sugar Fortification with Vitamin A at the National Level. Pan American Health Organization Scientific Publication No. 384, PAHO, Washington, D.C., 1979.Google Scholar
- 6.Arroyave, G. Distribution of vitamin A to population groups. In: Proceedings of Western Hemisphere Nutrition Congress III, August 30-September 2, 1971, P. L. White (Ed.), pp. 68–79. Futura, New York, 1972.Google Scholar
- 7.Government of Guatemala. Reglamento para el Enriquecimiento del Azúcar con Vitamina A. Acuerdo Gubernativo SP-G-105-74, Guatemala, 1975.Google Scholar
- 8.Government of Guatemala. Decreto No. 56–74, Guatemala, June 11, 1974.Google Scholar