The Use of Biodegradable Pesticides in Public Health Entomology

  • Gene R. DeFoliart


In his presidential address to the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, W. C. Reeves (1972) asked: “Can the war to contain infectious diseases be lost?” That remains a good question today. One must realize how fragile our ability is to control arthropod-borne disease. After malaria was reduced in India from 750 million cases and 750,000 deaths per year prior to 1953 (Wattal, 1971) to only 100,000 cases per year during the mid-1960s, we have witnessed a resurgence to 5 million cases in 1976 and to 10 million cases during the first 9 months of 1977 (Akhtar and Learmonth, 1977). In India, 122 million people live at risk of filariasis (Wattal, 1971). Outbreaks of dengue and Chikungunya viruses occur repeatedly, and less than a year ago an epidemic of Japanese encephalitis resulted in 5359 confirmed and clinically suspected cases and 1869 deaths (U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, 1978).


Salt Marsh Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Mosquito Larva Mosquito Control Emulsifiable Concentrate 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gene R. DeFoliart
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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