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Degradation of Pesticides by Animals

  • H. Wyman Dorough
  • Sue K. Ballard

Abstract

Once a pesticide enters the animal body through ingestion, inhalation, or dermal absorption, it is subject to metabolism by a variety of mechanisms. The types of chemical or biochemical transformations a pesticide may undergo in the animal are varied, and knowledge of the fate of these toxicants in animals contributes to a better understanding of their advantages and limitations for specific use situations. This is an important consideration since the almost universal usage of wide varieties of pesticides may result in the exposure of man and other nontarget organisms on a regular basis. The effect of this exposure on animals depends upon many factors such as the concentration and chemical composition of the pesticide, the species of animal, and the sex and age of the animal. While complete coverage of the fate of pesticides in animals exceeds the intent of the present presentation, a general discussion of the biochemistry of pesticides in animals is necessary if one is to gain even the slightest appreciation of the complexity of the many factors involved.

Keywords

Glucuronic Acid Hippuric Acid Organophosphorus Pesticide Heptachlor Epoxide Mercapturic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Wyman Dorough
    • 1
  • Sue K. Ballard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Entomology and Graduate Center for ToxicologyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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