The Behavioral Assessment and Treatment of Essential Hypertension

  • I. Keith Orton
  • Irving Beiman
  • Anthony R. Ciminero


Essential hypertension is diagnosed when no organic cause for the presence of elevated blood pressure (BP) can be determined. It is estimated to account for 90% of the approximately 25 million cases of hypertension in this country (Gutmann & Benson, 1971; Kannel & Dawber, 1973). Evidence indicates that, when left untreated, hypertension leads to the development of serious cardiovascular disease (Kannel, 1976), which constitutes the main underlying cause of mortality and morbidity in the United State, (Kannel & Dawber, 1973). It is this relationship between hypertension and the later development of cardiovascular disease that has created increasing interest in the development of effective assessment and treatment procedures for essential hypertension.


Hypertensive Patient Essential Hypertension Behavioral Medicine Blood Pressure Level Psychosomatic Medicine 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Keith Orton
    • 1
  • Irving Beiman
    • 2
  • Anthony R. Ciminero
    • 3
  1. 1.Good Samaritan Hospital and Medical CenterPortlandUSA
  2. 2.Farr AssociatesGreensboroUSA
  3. 3.Veterans Administration Medical CenterMiamiUSA

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