Role of Muscle in Insect Posture and Locomotion

  • Charles R. Fourtner


During the past two decades, it has been established that neuronal networks within the central nervous system produce rhythmic motor-patterns and that these networks can operate in the absence of phasic afferent information. (For review see Stein, et al. 1973; Herman et al. 1976; Usherwood, 1975; and Hoyle, 1977). These rhythmic systems have been well studied in the arthropods, particularly with respect to various types of locomotion, walking (Pearson and Iles, 1970), flying (Wilson, 1961) and swimming (Wiersma and Ikeda, 1964). Although the motor-patterns responsible for locomotory behavior have been extensively studied, the role of the muscles, the tissue responsible for the transduction of the neural message to the mechanical response, has been given rather short shrift.


Motor Axon Fast Muscle Rhythmic Contraction Slow Muscle Fiber Residual Tension 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles R. Fourtner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological ScienceState University of New YorkBuffaloUSA

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