Evolution of Arthropod Locomotion: A Crustacean Model

  • Robert R. Hessler


In the sea, crustaceans occupy a role which is as rich as that of arthropods on land. They are diverse, both in species numbers and range of morphologies. They are ubiquitous, both spatially and environmentally. There seem to be crustacean examples for every conceivable life style, ranging from obligate endoparasitism to pelagic herbivory. They have invaded land and fresh water more often and more successfully than land-based arthropods have penetrated the sea. The breadth of the crustacean spectrum bespeaks a wide range of locomotory abilities: swimming, walking, burrowing, climbing, and so on; the only talent that has eluded them is an ability to fly.


Power Stroke Recovery Stroke Gammaridean Amphipod Invertebrate Paleontology Locomotory Ability 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert R. Hessler
    • 1
  1. 1.A-002, Scripps Institution of OceanographyLa JollaUSA

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