Energetics of Pedestrian Arthropods

  • Clyde F. HerreidII


Study of the energetics of locomotion has existed for over 50 years (e.g., Hill, 1927; Fenn, 1930). Understandably, most of the interest has been focused on human and mammalian modes of travel. Little attention has been paid to the study of energetics of invertebrates except for the fine work on insect flight beginning with Chadwick and Gilmour (1940) on fruit flies, followed by investigations on locusts (Krogh and Weis-Fogh, 1951) and leading to the more recent publications (e.g., Vogel, 1966; Weis-Fogh, 1967; Bartholomew and Casey, 1977; Kokshaysky, 1977). The general absence of information on terrestrial and aquatic locomotion in arthropods is unfortunate since most phyla use these methods of travel. Moreover, arthropods should be especially interesting to compare with vertebrates, for they have radically different modes of respiration (varying from tracheae to gill-breathing to book lungs), circulation (open circulatory systems with or without respiratory pigments such as hemocyanin), and leg numbers (ranging from the legless larvae, the 6-legged pattern of insects, 8-legged pattern of arachnids and crabs to the multilegged centipedes and millipedes).


Energetic Cost Blue Crab High Vertebrate Anaerobic Fermentation Phosphate Store 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clyde F. HerreidII
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesState University of New YorkBuffaloUSA

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