Energetics of Crustacean Swimming

  • B. R. Hargreaves


This paper reviews studies of crustacean swimming since the last major reviews (Lochhead, 1961; Bainbridge, 1961b) and develops general principles from an energetic perspective. The swimming of larval stages is not considered. Discussion is focused on power budgets, hydrodynamic modeling, the relationship between cost and velocity, size scaling of maximal and routine velocity, and minimum cost of transport. In his review Lochhead (1961) considered swimming mechanisms and velocities for various crustaceans as part of a review of crustacean locomotion. More recently he reviewed early studies of swimming mechanisms and velocities in portunid crabs, copepods, cladocerans, and the fairy shrimp Chirocephalus sp. (Lochhead, 1977). Hartnoll (1971) reviewed swimming mechanisms and maximal velocities in brachyuran crabs. There has been no recent comprehensive review of swimming capabilities in Crustacea, yet a number of relevant publications have appeared.


Drag Coefficient Sockeye Salmon Power Budget Grass Shrimp Swimming Velocity 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. R. Hargreaves
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyLehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA

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