Due to the central importance of energy metabolism to several physiological systems, data for the flight metabolism of insects has been reviewed from a variety of standpoints in the past few years. The prodigious quantities of heat produced as a by-product of flight activity has necessitated consideration of flight metabolism in reviews of insect thermoregulation (Heinrich, 1974; Kammer and Heinrich, 1978; May, 1979; Bartholomew, 1981; Kammer, 1981; Heinrich, this volume). Similarly, the interrelation between flight metabolism and contraction of the flight muscles (Pringle, 1968; Kammer and Rheuben, this volume; Josephson, 1981) and in biochemical functioning of the insect flight motor (Kammer and Heinrich, 1978; Heinrich, 1981) have recently been examined. Finally, the mechanical characteristics and power requirements of flying insects should directly affect the levels of energy metabolism of insects during flight (Weis-Fogh, 1972, 1975; Kammer and Heinrich, 1978; Nachtigall, this volume; see also symposia edited by Wu et al. 1975; Rainey, 1976; Pedley, 1977; Nachtigall, 1980).


Power Requirement Gypsy Moth Flight Muscle Flight Speed Wing Movement 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy M. Casey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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