Advertisement

Cell Growth pp 609-617 | Cite as

Informational Macromolecules in Stationary and Dividing Hepatocytes and Hepatomas

  • J. Paul
  • H. Jacobs
  • R. Shott
  • P. Wilkes
  • G. D. Birnie
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 38)

Abstract

It is a fundamental tenet of cell biology that the phenotype of the cell is a manifestation of the proteins of which it is composed and that the protein spectrum results from modulated expression of the genes coding for them. It is now clear that regulation at translational level, if it plays a part at all, plays a relatively minor part in determining the amounts of proteins made, and this leaves the implication that the phenotype of a cell is mainly determined by the population of messenger RNA molecules within it. Less than 10 years ago we had no idea of how this population varied in cells of different phenotypes or in different physiological states, and we did not know how the population was comprised. However, the development of analytical methods using nucleic acid hybridization has enabled us to establish a number of general principles and more recently the availability of techniques to prepare DNA libraries has made it possible to start to work out some details.

Keywords

Normal Liver Nucleic Acid Hybridization Globin mRNA Hepatoma Tissue Culture Cell Globin Messenger RNAs 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Anderson, D.M., Galan, G.A., Britten, R.J. and Davidson, E.H., Devel. Biol., 51: 138–145, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Birnie, G. D., Macphail, E. Young, B. D., Getz, M. J. and Paul, J., Cell Diff., 3: 221–232, 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bishop, J.O., Morton, J.G., Rosbash, M. and Richardson, M., Nature, 250: 199–204, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Britten, R.J. and Kohne, D.E., Science, 161: 529–540, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Church, R.B. and McCarthy, B.J., J. Mol. Biol., 23: 477–486, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Davidson, E.H. and Hough, B., J. Mol. Biol. 56: 491–506, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grady, L.J. and Campbell, W.P., Nature New Biology, 243: 195–198, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hastie, N.D. and Bishop, J.O., Cell, 9: 761–774, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hough-Evans, B.R., Ernst, S.G., Britten, R.J. and Davidson, E.H., Dev. Biol., 69: 258–269, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jacobs, H. and Birnie, G.D., Nucl. Acids. Res., 8: 3087–3103, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Judd, B.H., Shen, M.W. and Kaufman, Z.C., Genetics, 71: 139–152, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Krieg, L., Alonso, A. and Volm, M., Eur. J. Biochem., 96: 77–85, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rolton, H.A., Birnie, G.D. and Paul, J. Nucl. Acids Res., 6: 25–39, 1977.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wilkes, P.R., Birnie, G.D. and Paul, J., Nucl. Acids Res., 6: 2193–2208, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Williams, J.G., Hoffman, R. and Penman, S., Cell 11: 901–907, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Williams, J.G., and Penman, S., Cell, 6: 197–206, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Young, B.D., Birnie, G.D. and Paul, J., Biochem, 15: 2823–2829, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Paul
    • 1
  • H. Jacobs
    • 1
  • R. Shott
    • 1
  • P. Wilkes
    • 1
  • G. D. Birnie
    • 1
  1. 1.Beatson Institute for Cancer ResearchBearsden, GlasgowScotland

Personalised recommendations