Investigations of Apneic Syndrome During Sleep

Sleep Apnea Syndrome
  • D. Kurtz
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 7)


The sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is characterised by transient respiratory arrest occurring as soon as the patient falls asleep or as his sleep deepens. Three types of sleep apnea are usually distinguished: central apnea, characterised by an absence of respiratory gas-flow and a complete cessation of the activity of the respiratory muscles; obstructive apnea, i.e. absence of respiratory gas-flow despite the persistence of thoraco-abdominal respiratory movements; mixed apnea, which is a combination of central and obstructive apneas, the former always preceding the latter (12, 8, 11, 17, 31, 24). It is now recognised that these sleep related respiratory arrests may occur in patients with or without diurnal hypersomnolence, alveolar hypo-ventilation, pulmonary and systemic arterial hypertension or polycythemia. This clearly shows the relationships between the sleep apnea syndrome and the Pickwickian syndrome (5).


Respiratory Arrest Central Apnea Obstructive Apnea Pharyngeal Muscle Circadian Period 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Kurtz
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance

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