Alcoholism and Affective Disorders

The Basic Questions
  • Donald W. Goodwin


God’s ways have struck many people, including Amiel, as pretty depressing. What is a good cure for depression? Alcohol, Housman says, and through the ages people have agreed with him.


Affective Disorder Heavy Drinking Bipolar Illness Alcoholic Parent Dysthymic Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Gibson S, Becker J: Alcoholism and depression. Q J Stud Alcohol 34: 400–408, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nathan PE, Lisman SA: Behavioral and motivational patterns of chronic alcoholics, in Tarter RE, Sugarman AA, eds: Alcoholism: Interdisciplinary Approaches to an Enduring Problem. Reading, Mass., Addison-Wesley, 1976, pp 479–522.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tamerin JS, Weiner S, Mendelson JH: Alcoholics’ expectancies and recall of experiences during intoxication. Am J Psychiatry 126: 1697–1704, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Goodwin DW: Alcohol in suicide and homicide. Q J Stud Alcohol 34: 144–150, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ullman AD: Alcoholism and depression. Q J Stud Alcohol 13: 602–608, 1952.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rado S: Psychoanalysis of Behavior. New York, Grune & Stratton, 1956.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Campanella G, Fossi G: Alcoholism and depression. Rass Stud Psichiatr 52: 617–632, 1963.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pauleikhoff B: Ueber die seltenheit von Alkoholabusus bei syklothym Depressiven. Nervenarzt 24: 445–448, 1953.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ends E, Page C: Group psychotherapy and concomitant psychological change. Psychol Monogr 73: 1–31, 1959.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schuckit MA, Winokur G: A short term follow up of women alcoholics. Dis Nerv Syst 33: 672–678, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Weissman MM, Pottenger M, Klever H, et al: Symptom patterns in primary and secondary depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry 34: 854–862, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Weissman MM, Meyers JK, Harding PS: The prevalence rates and psychiatric heterogeneity of alcoholism in a United States Urban community. J Stud Alcohol 41: 672–681, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mulford HA: Drinking and deviant drinking, U.S.A., 1963. J Stud Alcohol 25: 634–650, 1964.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hagnell O, Tunving K: Prevalence and nature of alcoholism in a total population. Soc Psychiatry 7: 190–201, 1972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Helgason T: Epidemiology of Mental Disorders in Iceland. Copenhagen, Munksgaard, 1964.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Weissman MM, Myers JK, Harding PS Psychiatric disorders in a U.S. urban community, 1975–76. Am J Psychiatry 135: 459–462, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Spitzer RL, Endicott J, Robins E: Research diagnostic criteria rationale and reliability. Arch Gen Psychiatry 35: 773–782, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Parker J, Spielberger CD, Wallace DK, et al: Factors in manic-depressive reactions. Dis Nerv Syst 20: 506–511, 1959.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sixty-fourth Annual Report, Department of Mental Hygiene., State of New York, 1952.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mayfield DG: Psychopharmacology of alcohol. II. Affective tolerance in alcohol intoxication. J Nery Ment Dis 146: 322–327, 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Cassidy WL, Flannagan NG, Spellman M, Cohen ME: Clinical observations in manic-depressive disease. A quantitative study of one hundred manic-depressive patients and fifty medically sick controls. JAMA 164: 1535–1546, 1957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mayfield DG, Coleman CC: Alcohol use and affective disorder. Dis Nerv Syst 29: 467–474, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pitts FN, Winokur G: Affective disorder, VII: Alcoholism and affective disorder. J Psychiat Res 4: 37–50, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Reich LH, Davies RK, Himmelhoch JM: Excessive alcohol use in manic-depressive illness. Am J Psychiatry 131: 83–86, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Merry J, Reynolds CM, Bailey J, Coppen A: Prophylactic treatment of alcoholism by lithium carbonate: A controlled study. Lancet 2: 481–482, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kline NS, Wren JC, Cooper TB, Varga E, Canal O: Evaluation of lithium therapy in chronic and periodic alcoholism. Amer J Med Sci 268: 15–22, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Davis JM: Overview: Maintenance therapy in psychiatry: II. Affective disorders. Am J Psychiatry 133: 1–14, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Loper RG, Kammeier ML: J Abnorm Psychol 82 (1), 159–162, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ray I: Medical Jurisprudence of Insanity. Charles C. Little and James Brown, Boston, 1838.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Winokur G: Genetic findings and methodological considerations in manic-depressive disease. Br J Psychiatry 117: 267–274, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Freed EX: Alcoholism and manic-depressive disorders. Q J Stud Alcohol 31: 62–89, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Winokur G, Clayton PJ, Reich T: Manic-depressive Illness. St. Louis, Missouri, C.V. Mosby, 1969.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Winokur G, Reich T, Rimmer J, Pitts FN, Jr: Alcoholism. Arch Gen Psychiatry 23: 101–111, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Morrison JR: Bipolar affective disorder and alcoholism. Am J Psychiatry 131: 1130–1134, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Winokur G, Rimmer J, Reich T: Alcoholism. IV. Is there more than one type of alcoholism? Br J Psychiatry 118: 525–531, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Goodwin DW, Schulsinger F, Knop J, Mednick S, Guze SB: Alcoholism and depression in adopted-out daughters of alcoholics. Arch Gen Psychiatry 34: 751–755, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Taylor MA, Abrams R: Early-and Late-Onset Bipolar Illness. Arch Gen Psychiatry 38: 58–61, 1981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ditman KS: Review and evaluation of current drug therapies in alcoholism. /nt J Psychiatry 3: 248–258, 1967.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Viamontes JA: Review of drug effectiveness in the treatment of alcoholism. Am J Psychiatry 128: 120–121, 1972.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald W. Goodwin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA

Personalised recommendations