Fragile Knowledge and Stubborn Ignorance

Agenda for the Study of Violence
  • John P. Conrad
Part of the The Hastings Center Series in Ethics book series (HCSE)


Why should violence be a subject for research? Only during the last century has it inspired the application of the scientific method. For all the preceding millennia, violence has punctuated human existence without being considered a topic for empirical study. It was extolled by epic poets as the ultimate test of masculine virtue, it was denounced by prophets and moralists, it was endured by ordinary people as a natural risk in the human condition. All these responses to the infliction of physical harm by men upon each other persist to the present time. Until the angry stay their hands, the brave will be praised, the cowards will be scorned, and the brutes will be hated.


Criminal Justice Capital Punishment Criminal Justice System Crime Rate Violent Crime 
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Copyright information

© The Hastings Center 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • John P. Conrad
    • 1
  1. 1.The American Justice InstituteSacramentoUSA

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