To those concerned with crime and violence the social and behavioral sciences have held out the promise of providing insight into the social and psychological roots of such threatening behavior. Armed with the scientific understanding of crime, it would then be possible to devise the forms of social intervention necessary for the suppression of disorder. To those appalled by the waste and suffering that followed from prescientific social practices founded on the principles of retribution and characterized by the seemingly primitive expression of social vengeance, the behavioral sciences have held out the possibility of fashioning instruments of social control and defense designed to rehabilitate, educate, and treat the character of the transgressor.
KeywordsCriminal Justice System Liberal Attitude Insanity Defense Federal Prison Prison Life
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