Advertisement

Future Transportation

Organization of the Design Process
  • Richard M. Michaels
Part of the Human Behavior and Environment book series (HUBE, volume 5)

Abstract

Transportation has had a fundamental influence on both the social and the economic development of society, as well as on the location and the design of the built environment. A major question for the future is whether transportation should play as central a role as it has in social organization. The answer to this question will be determined as much by changes in the social order as by transportation technology. To evaluate future transportation systems, it is necessary to place their essential purpose (i.e., accessibility) in a larger context. Therefore, the first section of this paper is concerned with the functional role of transportation in the organization of the society.

Keywords

Transportation System Travel Behavior Private Automobile Actual Travel Industrial City 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Altman, I. The environment and social behavior: Privacy, personal space, territory, crowding. Monterey, Calif.: Brooks/Cole, 1975.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, R. F., Dudgeon, T. H., Michaels, R. M., & Rothermund, K. L. A national transportation policy study: The societal use method. Washington, D.C.: National Transportation Policy Study Commission, 1978.Google Scholar
  3. Baker, R. F., Michaels, R. M., & Dudgeon, I. H. The societal use method: Housing. Washington, D.C.: National Transportation Policy Study Commission, 1979.Google Scholar
  4. Bell, W. The social areas of San Francisco Bay region. American Sociological Review, 1953, 18.Google Scholar
  5. Blankenship, D., & David, M. Discovering the rules of social interaction for carpoolers. Public Works, 1976.Google Scholar
  6. Chapin, F. S. Urban land use planning. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  7. Chapin, F. S., & Logan, T. H. Patterns of time and space use. In H. S. Perloff (Ed.), The quality of the environment essays on “New resources” in an urban age. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins Press, 1969.Google Scholar
  8. Cooper, D. R., & Young, J. C. Road surface irregularity and road vehicle ride: Part II. Riding comfort in cars driven by the public. Crawthorne, Berkshire: Transport and Road Research Laboratory, 1978.Google Scholar
  9. Dix, M. C. Structuring our understanding of travel choices. Fourth International Conference on Behavioral Travel Modelling, Eibsee, Federal Republic of Germany, 1979.Google Scholar
  10. Feldman, L., & Valenga, L. Security as a factor in the marketing of urban mass transportation. Chicago: University of Illinois at Chicago Circle, 1977.Google Scholar
  11. Fishhein, M., & Ajzen, I. Belief, attitude, intention and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Reading, Mass.: Addison, 1976.Google Scholar
  12. Jones, P. M. New approaches to understanding travel behavior: The human activity approach. Third International Conference on Travel Behavior, Tununda, Australia, 1977.Google Scholar
  13. Lancaster, K. J. A new approach to consumer theory. In R. E. Quandt (Ed.), The demand for travel: Theory and measurement. Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath, 1970.Google Scholar
  14. Lansing, J. B., & Barth, N. Residential location and urban mobility: A multivariate analysis. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Public Roads, 1966.Google Scholar
  15. Lansing, J. B., & Hendricks, G. Automobile ownership and residential density. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, 1967.Google Scholar
  16. Lansing, J. B., Mueller, E., & Barth, N. Residential location and urban mobility. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Public Roads, 1964.Google Scholar
  17. Levin, I. P. Information integration in transportation decision. In M. F. Kaplan & S. Schwartz (Eds.), Human judgment and decision processes in applied settings. New York: Academic Press, 1977, pp. 57–82.Google Scholar
  18. Louviere, J. J., & Norman, K. L. Application of information processing theory to the analysis of urban travel demand. Environment and Behavior, 1977, 9, 91–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Margolin, J. B., & Misch, M. R. Handbook of behavioral strategies in transportation. Washington, D. C: George Washington University, 1977.Google Scholar
  20. Michaels, R. M. Attitudes of drivers toward alternative highways and their relation to route choice. Highway Research Record, 1966, 122.Google Scholar
  21. Michaels, R. M. Applications of behavioral science to ransportation. In R. M. Michaels (Ed.), Transportation planning and policy making: Behavioral science contributions. New York: Praeger, 1980.Google Scholar
  22. Michaels, R. M., & Weiler, N. S. Transportation needs of the mobility limited. Evanston, Ill.: Transportation Center, Northwestern University, 1975.Google Scholar
  23. Rees, P. H. Concepts of social space. In B. J. L. Berry & F. E. Horton (Eds.), Geographic perspectives on urban systems. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1970.Google Scholar
  24. Shevky, E., & Williams, J. B. The social areas of Los Angeles: Analysis and topology. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1949.Google Scholar
  25. Spier, L. A suggested behavioral and approach to cost-benefit analysis. Management Science Journal, 1971, 17.Google Scholar
  26. Stea, D. Architecture in the head: Cognitive mapping. In T. M. Lang, C. Burnet, W. Maleski, & D. Vachin (Ed.), Designing for human behavior. Stroudberg Pa.: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, 1974.Google Scholar
  27. Stenson, H. Cognitive factors in the use of transit systems. Chicago: University of Illinois at Chicago Circle, 1978.Google Scholar
  28. Thomas, K. A reinterpretation of the “attitude” approach to transport mode choice and an exploratory empirical test. Environment and Planning, 1976, 8, 783–810.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tift, P., Littlejohn, S., Bosen, S., & Sherizen, S. Coping with crime and fear on mass transit. Chicago: University of Illinois at Chicago Circle, 1974.Google Scholar
  30. Van Cott, H. P., & Kincade, R. G. (Eds.). Human engineering guide to equipment design. Washington, D.C.: American Institute for Research, 1972.Google Scholar
  31. Wilson, R. L. Livability of the city: Attitudes and urban development. In F. S. Chapin & S. F. Weiss (Ed.), Urban growth dynamics. New York: Wiley, 1962.Google Scholar
  32. Wright, L. N. Behavioral model for transportation planning. Evanston, Ill.: Transportation Center, Northwestern University, 1972.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard M. Michaels
    • 1
  1. 1.Urban Transportation CenterUniversity of Illinois at Chicago CircleChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations