The Survival of EK1 and EK2 Systems in Sewage Treatment Plant Models

  • Bernard P. Sagik
  • Charles A. Sorber
  • Barbara E. Moore


In March 1977 the National Academy of Sciences (USA) convened a Forum on Research with Recombinant DNA. It was clear to participants that this potentially was an opportunity to affect national science policy. In trying to assess the benefits and risks inherent in recombinant DNA technology, some argued the risks were not different than any in the microbiology laboratory; others warned that such research was the first step towards the manipulation of human genetics, that it could contaminate the biosphere irrevocably.


Anaerobic Digestion Total Coliform Secondary Treatment Mixed Liquor Suspended Solid Plasmid Transfer 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Singer, M. 1980. Science 209: 4463: 1317.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hamer, D.H. 1977. Science 196: 4286: 220–221.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Levin, B.R. and F.M. Stewart. 1977. Science 196: 4286: 218–220.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Guarente, L., T.M. Roberts and M. Ptashne. 1980. Science 209: 4463: 1428–1430.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mulligan, R.C. and P. Berg. 1980. Science 209: 4463: 1422–1427.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Peden, K.W.C., J.M. Pipas, S. Pearson-White and D. Nathans. 1980. Science 209: 4463: 1392–1396.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Levy, S.B., B. Marshall and D. Rowse-Eagle. 1980. Science 209: 4454: 391–394.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Abelson, J. 1977. Science 196: 4286: 159–160.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cooper, P. 1971. Genet. Res. 17: 151–159.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nisioka, T., M. Mitani and R.C. Clowes. 1970. J. Bacteriol. 103: 1: 166–177.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Palchaudhuri, S., W.K. Maas and E. Ohtsubo. 1976. Molec. Gen. Genet. 146: 215–231.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gyles, C.L., S. Palchaudhuri and W.K. Maas. 1977. Science 198: 4313: 198–199.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Williams, P.H. 1977. FEMS Microbiol. Letters 2: 91–95.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Foster, D.H. and R.S. Engelbrecht. 1973. In Recycling Treated Municipal Wastewater and Sludge through Forest and Cropland. W.E. Sopper and L.T. Kardos (ed.) The Penn State University Press, University Park, PA.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Schaub, S.A. and B.P. Sagik. 1975. Appl. Microbiol. 30: 212–222.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Malina, J.F., Jr. K.R. Ranganathan, B.P. Sagik and B.E. Moore, 1975. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 47: 2178–2183.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Moore, B.E., L. Funderburg, B.P. Sagik and J.F. Malina, Jr. 1975. In Virus Survival in Water and Wastewater Systems, J.F. Malina, Jr. and B.P. Sagik (ed.) Water Resources Symposium No. 7, Center for Research in Water Resources, University of Texas, Austin, TX.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sagik, B.P. 1975. In proceedings, Williamsburg Conference on Management of Wastewater Residuals. J.L. Smith and E.H. Bryan (ed.). Colorado State University, Ft.Collins, CGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sanders, D.A., J.F. Manina, Jr., B.E. Moore, B.P. Sagik and C.A. Sorber. 1979. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 51: 333–343.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sagik, B.P., B.E. Moore and C.A. Sorber. 1979. In Utilization of Municipal Sewage Effluent and Sludge on Distributed Land, W.E. Sopper and S.N. Kerr (ed.). The Penn. State Univ. Press. University Park, PA.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Eckenfelder, W.W. 1970. Water Quality Engineering for Practical Engineers. Barnes and Noble, Inc., N.Y.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sagik, B.P. and C.A. Sorber. 1979. Recombinant DNA Technical Bulletin, 2: 55–61.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard P. Sagik
    • 1
  • Charles A. Sorber
    • 1
  • Barbara E. Moore
    • 1
  1. 1.Drexel University: University of Texas at Austin Cart, University of TexasSan AntonioUSA

Personalised recommendations