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Ecological Factors That Affect the Survival, Establishment, Growth and Genetic Recombination of Microbes in Natural Habitats

  • G. Stotzky
  • V. N. Krasovsky

Abstract

Despite the remarkable advances in the isolation, analysis, reconstruction,and methods of introducing new genes into organisms, the ultimate fate of natural and manipulated genetic material is dependent on the survival, establishment, and growth of the organismal vectors (usually microbes) that house the genetic material in the natural habitats into which the vectors are introduced. Survival, establishment, and growth are, in turn, dependent on the genetic constitution of the microbes and on the physical (temperature, pressure, electromagnetic radiation, surfaces, spatial relations), chemical (carbonaceous substrates, ironganic nutrients, growth factors, ionic composition, available water, pH, oxidation-reduction potential, gaseous composition, toxicants), and biological (characteristics of and positive and negative interactions between microbes) factors of the various habitats (Fig. 1). Limitations of space preclude a detailed discussion of and an extensive bibliography to these ecological factors and to the genetical aspects of this report. Consequently, reference is made to reviews wherever possible.

Keywords

Clay Mineral Natural Habitat Genetic Recombination Sterile Soil Clostridium Botulinum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Stotzky
    • 1
  • V. N. Krasovsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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