One of nature’s most important biological processes is the degradation of lignocellulosic materials into carbon dioxide, water and humic substances. The strong wood-degrading capability of fungi depends, in part, upon the organization of their hyphae, which gives the organisms a penetrating capacity. Different types of fungi give rise to different types of wood rot. One normally distinguishes between soft-rot, brown-rot and white-rot fungi. The blue staining fungi are also associated with wood damage. They do not, however, cause wood degradation. The morphological pattern of the attack on wood by these fungi varies. Thus, the soft-rot fungi grow in the secondary wall of the wood fiber and form cylindrical cavities with conical ends. This type of attack causes a softening of the wood surface layer which has given the name to this group of fungi.


Cotton Fiber Fungal Cell Wall Cellulose Degradation Phenol Oxidase Wood Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl-Erik Eriksson
    • 1
  1. 1.Swedish Forest Products Research LaboratoryChemistry DepartmentStockholmSweden

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