Fermentation of Plant Polysaccharides: Role of Biochemical Genetics
The application of biochemical genetics to the improvement of industrially important microorganisms has long been focused primarily on medical and agricultural products. Over the past few years, several novel ideas for genetic modification have been evoked for microbial systems. These advances in both cellular and molecular genetics and the advent of specific techniques in both in vitro and in vivo gene transfer for prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms now give rise to applications in biotechnology for conversion of agricultural renewable resources to fuels and chemical feedstocks. These techniques include the use of directed mutasynthesis, cell and protoplast fusion, DNA transformation, and recombinant DNA technology. New and significant advances have been demonstrated in cellulosic conversions, enzymatic hydrolysis, alcohol production and tolerance, and substrate preparation relative to biological conversions. This biotechnology is now a prime candidate for transformation of fermentation genes necessary for plant polysaccharide conversions.
KeywordsProtoplast Fusion Cellulosic Conversion Plant Polysaccharide Chemical Feedstock Biochemical Genetic
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