Surface Changes of the Luminal Uterine Epithelium during the Human Menstrual Cycle: A Scanning Electron Microscopic Study

  • Dominique Martel
  • Catherine Malet
  • Jean Pierre Gautray
  • Alexandre Psychoyos


The two ovarian hormones, estradiol and progesterone, induce profound morphologic changes in the endometrium. Classic histological techniques enabled detailed description of these alterations very early and extensive studies have permitted the dating of endometrial biopsy and precise pathology (Noyes et al., 1950; Gautray, 1968). According to these studies, the most relevant endometrial changes deal with stromal reorganization; however, more recently, electron microscopic studies have revealed subtle changes in the luminal surface epithelium (for reviews see Borell et al., 1959; Gompel, 1962; Johannisson and Nilsson, 1972; Nilsson and Nygren, 1972; Ferenczy and Richart, 1973; Wynn, 1977).


Ciliated Cell Endometrial Biopsy Luminal Epithelium Human Endometrium Uterine Epithelium 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominique Martel
    • 1
  • Catherine Malet
    • 1
  • Jean Pierre Gautray
    • 1
  • Alexandre Psychoyos
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Reproduction, CNRS, E.R. 203Hôpital de BicetreBicetreFrance

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