Reduction of TiO2, ZrO2, and HfO2 for Target Preparation

  • Y. K. Peng


Using a small bomb type reaction vessel 50–100 milligrams of TiO2, ZrO2 or HfO2 can be reduced to its metallic form at a temperature of ~ 1000°C using magnesium as reducing agent. The metal obtained contains negligible amount of impurity and can be evaporated for preparing metallic targets. It, however, cannot be rolled to thin foils. The yield of this process ranges from 80 to 90%.


Reaction Vessel Thin Foil Dilute Hydrochloric Acid Target Preparation Metallic Target 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. K. Peng
    • 1
  1. 1.Tandem Accelerator LaboratoryMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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