Sources of Separated Isotopes for Nuclear Targetry
The use of enriched isotopes in all branches of nuclear research, including physics, chemistry, medicine, and engineering, has continued to develop and expand since they first became available. The specific benefit derived from the use of separated isotopes is, obviously, dependent on the nature of the experiment and on the particular effect under investigation. Enumeration of the varied applications of enriched stable and long-lived radioisotopes is beyond the scope of this article. However, in a broad sense, enriched isotopes increase the “signal-to-noise” ratio in many investigations and, in the case of isotopes with very small natural abundances, may be the only practical way of performing a meaningful experiment or obtaining a radioisotope with a high specific activity.
KeywordsSeparation Factor Ammonia Nitrate Heavy Water Enrich Isotope Isotope Separation
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