Past and Present Target Making Activities in Laboratories in the United Kingdom

  • K. M. Glover


Targets of separated stable and actinide nuclides were a priority requirement in the early days of the nuclear industry for the measurement of nuclear constants needed in reactor design and operation, fuel handling, storage and reprocessing.


Resistance Heating Vacuum Evaporation Uranium Deposit Tetraethylene Glycol 20th Century Electronics 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. (1).
    M. L. Smith, Electromagnetically Enriched Isotopes and Mass Spectrometry, 13–16 September 1955, Harwell.Google Scholar
  2. (2).
    D. H. Randall and M. L. Smith, Nature, June 11, 1955.Google Scholar
  3. (3).
    J. B. Reynolds and D. Boreham, Experience of Vacuum Evaporated Targets, Proceedings of the Seminar on the Preparation and Standardization of Isotopic Targets and Foils, AERE R 5097, Harwell (1965).Google Scholar
  4. (4).
    F. A. Burford, J. H. Freeman, and J. B. Reynolds, AERE R 5097.Google Scholar
  5. (5).
    K. M. Glover, F. J. G. Rogers, and T. A. Tuplin, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. 102 (1972) pp. 443–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. (6).
    K. M. Glover and P. Borrell, J. Nuclear Energy, Vol. 1 (1955) pp. 214–217.Google Scholar
  7. (7).
    G. R. Hall and K. M. Glover, Precision a-Particle Counting, Nature 173 (1954) p. 991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. (8).
    R. Hurst and K. M. Glover, Note on the Use of Tetraethylene Glycol (TEG) as a Spreading Agent in the Preparation of Uniform Plutonium Sources, AERE C/M 100.Google Scholar
  9. (9).
    D. J. Carswell and J. Milsted, J. Nuclear Energy, Vol. 4 (1957) pp. 51–54.Google Scholar
  10. (10).
    K. M. Glover, IAEA Symposium on Standardization of Radionuclides, SM 79/39 (1966).Google Scholar
  11. (11).
    N. Jackson, Vacuum Sublimation Apparatus for the Preparation of Thin Sources of α-Active Materials, J. Sci. Instr., Vol. 37, May 1960, p. 169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. (12).
    P. S. Robinson, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. 40 (1966) p. 136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. (13).
    M. Nobes, J. Sci. Instr., Vol. 38, October 1961.Google Scholar
  14. (14).
    G. A. Barnett, J. Crosby, and D. J. Ferrett, AERE R 5097, p. 28.Google Scholar
  15. (15).
    G. Smith and G. A. Barnett, J. Inorg. and Nucl. Chem., Vol. 27, (1965).Google Scholar
  16. (16).
    Technical Information Bulletin No. 2 (undated) Special Techniques Group AWRE.Google Scholar
  17. (17).
    A. H. F. Muggleton, Preparation of Thin 17O and 18O Targets, AERE R 5097.Google Scholar
  18. (18).
    A. H. F. Muggleton, A Method for the Preparation of Thin Self-supporting 13C foils, AERE R 5097.Google Scholar
  19. (19).
    F. A. Howe, A Critical Survey of Methods for Determination of Film Thickness Applicable to Nuclear Targets, AERE R 5097.Google Scholar
  20. (20).
    P. H. White, Alpha and Fission Countinq of Thin Foils of Fissile Material, AERE R 5097.Google Scholar
  21. (21).
    A. H. F. Muggleton and F. A. Howe, A Crystal Oscillator Film Thickness Monitor, N. I. M., Vol. 28(2) (1964) pp. 242/244.Google Scholar
  22. (22).
    A. H. F. Muggleton and F. A. Howe, The Preparation of Thin Film Boron Films, N. I. M., Vol. B(2), pp. 211/214.Google Scholar
  23. (23).
    AWRE Report No. 32/67, The Production of Nuclear Targets by Vacuum Evaporation, May 1967, 40 pages.Google Scholar
  24. (24).
    A. H. F. Muggleton and F. A. Howe, The Preparation of Thin 18O Targets, N. I. M. 12 (1961) pp. 192–194.Google Scholar
  25. (25).
    G. T. Arnison, The Production of Thin Self-supporting Nickel Foils using an Electroplating Method, N. I. M. Vol. 53(2) (1967).Google Scholar
  26. (26).
    A. H. F. Muggleton and Parsons, N. I. M. Vol. 27(3) (1964) p. 357.Google Scholar
  27. (27).
    G. T. Arnison, A Technique for Producing Deuterated Polyethylene Targets, N. I. M. Vol. 40(2) (1966) p. 359.Google Scholar
  28. (28).
    G. T. Armson and R. J. Gilmour, The Preparation of Thin Self-supporting Films using a Heated Substrate, N. I. M. 45 (1966) p. 178.Google Scholar
  29. (29).
    D. P. Gregory, The Preparation of Thin Uniform Deposits of Uranium and Plutonium by Electrodeposition, etc., AWRE Report No. 0 29/56 also AWRE Report No. 0 5/57.Google Scholar
  30. (30).
    E. Furby and K. L. Wilkinson, Vacuum Evaporation of Thick Films of U — Operated in a glove box. Some experiments with Pu, (2.8 mg/cm2), AERE C/R 2441 (1958).Google Scholar
  31. (31).
    D. J. Dwight, The Preparation of Pu-239 Alpha Sources by Electrodeposition Source Thickness up to 1 mg/cm2 claimed, RCC/R75 (TRCL now) (1959).Google Scholar
  32. (32).
    F. Hudswell, The Preparation of Thin Films and Coatings. Discussion of Available Techniques, AERE C/R395 (1949)Google Scholar
  33. (33).
    J. Biram, Adherent Evaporated Films concerned with Substrate Pretreatment, AERE EL/M 86 (1954).Google Scholar
  34. (34).
    R. H. Dawson and K. L. Wilkinson, Plutonium: Evaporation Tests, Ionization Potential and Electron Emission. Project Concerned with Crucible Materials and Deposits for Ion Source Development, AERE GP/R 1906 (1956).Google Scholar
  35. (35).
    M. G. Schomberg, Preparation of Beta Sources on Very Thin Backing Materials by Vacuum Evaporation — Preparation of intense Au-199 Sources, AERE M479 (1959)Google Scholar
  36. (36).
    J. Stephen, An Electrolytic Method of Preparing Mössbauer Sources and Absorbers — Sources Prepared by Introducing Co-57 into Natural Iron or Cobalt, for Diamagnetic Metals, Copper, Gold and Platinum are used, AERE R4308 (1963).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. M. Glover
    • 1
  1. 1.Actinide OrdersA. E. R. E. HarwellOxfordshireUK

Personalised recommendations